Грамматические упражнения по английскому на разные темы.
Use the capitalized words in correct forms.
Tim woke up later than usual. It was Sunday and he _________HAVE_________ lots of plans for the day. He was in the bathroom cleaning his _________TOOTH_________ when he heard some unfamiliar voices from the veranda. “Who could they be?” Tim _________THINK_________. When he came into the room, his mum and two other women ________CHAT__________ happily and didn’t notice him. Tim coughed to attract _________THEY_________ attention. “Oh, Tim, you’re up already!” his mother sounded excited. “Meet my school friends, Linda and Emma.” Linda shook his hand, Emma smiled and said: “We _________BE_________ happy to meet you, Tim.” Your mum showed us your photo, but you are much _________YOUNG_________ there. Join us for tea. I wish we _________CAN_________ talk about our school days for ages, but we have some other business to discuss with your mother. It’s going to be interesting for you, too.” Tim sat at the table. Emma had some papers in her hands but Tim couldn’t read what _________PRINT_________ there – the letters were too small.
It was about 6pm when I heard a knock on the door. It _________BE_________ Jason, my teenage neighbour. He looked cold and upset.
“What’s wrong, Jason?”
“I _________LOSE_________ my key and I can’t get into my house.”
“Come in. Today’s not a day for long walks, or long waits,” I looked out the window. It _______SNOW_________ hard and it was windy. The weather was getting ________BAD__________ every hour.
Jason _________TAKE_________ off his coat and boots. His ________FOOT__________ were wet and I gave him a pair of socks to change into. A cup of hot tea and some biscuits soon made the boy feel warm.
“Where are your parents, Jason?”
“I _________NOT/KNOW_________. I can’t call them because of this,” he pulled his phone out of his pocket and showed it to me – the screen _________BREAK_________ and the phone was obviously dead.
Jason focused on the food again. He took his _________FOUR_________ biscuit and said: “I wish my mum could make biscuits like this.”
We arrived at the lake very early. It was cold but in spite of that there were several _______MAN_____ there. Dad pulled our fishing rods out of the rucksack and we joined the others.
“Hey, look what I_______CATCH____!” a man sitting several metres upstream proudly showed us his bag. There was a large fish in it.
“Good job,” Dad _______SAY_____ and everyone became quiet again.
“How long do we have to wait? When will they bite?” I whispered.
“I _____NOT/KNOW______,” Dad whispered back and a moment later he was holding a little, silver fish.
“See?” he turned to me. “But this one is too small. We’d better let it go and wait for the next one.” And he let ______HE______ fish go.
The second fish was _____BIG_______ than the first one and soon Dad caught a few more.
“If it goes on like this, mum ______COOK_______ us a great dinner,” he said.
We kept fishing till noon but I didn’t catch anything ______I_____ and got really bored with it. To me, it _____BE______ a stupid waste of time but I certainly wasn’t going to tell Dad that. He wouldn’t have liked it.
When I came into the room, my computer was on. It worried me since I _____NOT/REMEMBER_____ switching it on. I looked around – there ______BE_____ nobody in my room and everything was in its usual place. Suddenly I ______UNDERSTAND_____ – the book had gone! I had left it on the table but it wasn’t there any more. I checked the window – it ______CLOSE______. That meant that someone had come into the room through the door. My _____ONE______ impulse was to call the police but I called Jim instead. “What _____HAPPEN_____?” Jim sounded sleepy. I explained that someone _____TAKE_______ the book. “Oh, no!” Jim sounded unhappy. “Have you any idea how valuable it is?” “There’s another thing I _____NOT/CAN_____ understand,” I interrupted Jim. “My computer’s on but I always switch it off before leaving home.” “Ok, stay at home. I’ll be at _____YOU____ place in half an hour,” he said and the phone went dead.
Michael could not imagine his life without computers. His parents _____BUY_____ him his first computer at the age of seven. It took ______HE_______ several days to learn how to use it. His mum said that the younger people were, the ______FAST_____ they could learn computer skills. That was probably true – most _____CHILD_______ in Michael’s class were very competent computer users. Michael was really surprised to find out that the first personal computer ______INVENT_____ in the 70’s of the last century.
“And how did you chat or send your e-mails without computers?” he asked his mother.
She smiled: “We ______NOT/SEND_______ each other e-mails. And there were no networks.”
She also said that it ______BE_______ fun to communicate face-to-face, to play out-of-doors and to visit friends’ homes.
“But if there ____BE_____ no computers, I wouldn’t be able to communicate with my friends who live far away from me,” Michael replied.
“True. Technological progress is a great thing,” his mother said “And I think people ____CREATE_____ even more amazing communication devices in the near future.”
Kitty lived next door to me and we’d been friends since childhood. We learnt at the same school and _________WALK_________ there together. I was sixteen and she was four years _________YOUNG_________ than me. But we had a lot in common and enjoyed chatting on ________WE__________ way to school. Every morning Kitty knocked on my door and I had to be ready by that time – she _________NOT/LIKE_________ waiting for me. One day she didn’t knock. When I caught up with her at the bus stop, she _________READ_________ a magazine and didn’t even look at me. I _________NOT/CAN_________ understand what was going on.
“Hey, Kitty, what’s wrong? Why aren’t you talking to ________I__________?”
“You yourself know why,” Kitty said angrily.
“No, I don’t. I wouldn’t ask you if I ________KNOW__________.”
“You went to the cinema with Lisa Parker yesterday,” Kitty was almost crying.
I felt puzzled and didn’t know what to say. The two _________WOMAN_________ at the bus stop looked amused at our conversation and didn’t hide their smiles.
The phone woke Kim up. She answered the call almost immediately, after the _______THREE_______ beep, because she was expected her mother to call. But it wasn’t her. The voice on the other end of the line sounded familiar but Kim _____NOT/CAN______ remember who it belonged to.
“Hello,” the lady said.
“Can I speak to Mrs. Len?”
“I’m sorry but she’s not at home. She’s out. She _______WALK_____ in the park.”
It was very cold out-of-doors and everything _______COVER______ in snow but Kim’s mother walked in all weathers. She believed that it _______HELP______ her keep fit and gave her extra energy. She actually looked younger than other ______WOMAN_______ of her age and that was probably because of her walking.
“Can I take a message?” Kim asked politely.
“No. I _____CALL_______ her later. When is she going to be back?”
“She normally ______COME____ home at five.”
“Fine,” came the answer and the phone went dead.
Kim felt a bit hurt. “It’s not polite to break off a conversation like that,” she thought to herself. If I _____BE_____ older, I would explain to that lady how to talk to people politely.”
Anna was glad that the academic year was about to finish. Like most _________CHILD_________ she was looking forward to the summer but not because she wanted to relax. Her plans _________BE_________ ambitious. Anna wanted to buy a professional digital camera and it wasn’t easy to save enough money. Anna had already chosen the model she wanted. Her dad said that he _________GIVE_________ her the camera in a couple of years. But Anna _________NOT/CAN________ wait so long, she needed it right then. “If I _________HAVE_________ it now, I would be able to take part in the Professional Photograph Competition. Everyone says I’ve got talent,” she said to herself, looking at the magazine where an article about the competition _________PUBLISH_________. While she was reading the article for the _________TWO_________ time, a brilliant idea came to her – why not take up a summer job as a photographer? She reached for the phone and dialed the number of the _________LARGE_________ photography agency in the town. “Hello, can I help you?” the woman’s voice sounded encouraging and Anna _________THINK_________ that she probably had a chance.
Bella was a good student. She _______ENJOY_____ learning but she always started to feel very nervous when she had to write tests. That Monday ____NOT/BE____ a lucky day for her and she realised it as soon as she came into the classroom.
“Oh, no! I ______LEAVE______ all my pens at home.” She turned to Jenny: “Have you got a spare pen?”
“Let ______I______ see,” Jenny opened her bag and pulled out a pen. “I’ve got this one. But it’s green.”
“Give it to me anyway,” Bella said. “If I don’t find a proper pen, I _____WRITE_____ in green ink. I hope it won’t affect my grades.”
When the teacher handed out the tests, Bella felt even ______BAD_____ than she had felt before. The test was really long – the tasks _____PRINT_____ on both sides of the page! Bella did the first task quickly, but the ______TWO_____ one was a real problem. Bella got panicky. Time ticked on but she _____NOT/CAN_____ concentrate on the tasks.
Linda was looking forward to her holidays. First of all, she _________FEEL_________ really tired from school and wanted to have a break. The _________TWO_________reason was that they were going to take a trip to the mountains. Linda enjoyed it very much when they went somewhere all together as a family. They _________NOT/DO_________ it very often since her parents were very busy people. Linda ________NOT/CAN__________ ski but the prospect didn’t scare her. She learnt everything very quickly, especially when her father taught ________SHE__________. He was the ________GOOD__________teacher in the world!
“I _________BUY_________ special sunglasses for skiing,” Linda boasted to her father. “Have a look! Nice, aren’t they?”
“They are,” he gave Linda a quick look and turned back to his computer. He ________PREPARE__________ a presentation or something else very important.
Linda could see diagrams on the screen. They _________DRAW_________ in different colours which made them look complicated.
Paul was going to be late for his morning class again. He ______NOT/UNDERSTAND_____ why it happened to him so often. This was going to be the ______THREE_____ time in one week and that was too much even for Mrs Pitt. She was the ______KIND______ teacher in the world but Paul wasn’t sure that she would forgive him again.
“If I don’t invent a very good excuse, she _____CALL_____ my parents.” Paul thought.
His parents ______NOT/BE_____ very strict people but they didn’t approve of Paul’s habit of playing computer games till late at night. As a result, he couldn’t make ______HE_______ get up in the morning and was regularly late for school. Paul quietly opened the door and ______GO____ into the classroom. His classmates _____WRITE_____ something in their notepads and didn’t pay any attention to him.
Mrs Pitt looked at him and said in a flat voice: “You are late again, Paul. What _________HAPPEN_________?”
Paul was not ready with an answer.
It was late at night but the light was on in Ted’s room. When I _________COME_________ in, he didn’t even turn to me. I looked at his monitor and realized that he ________SURF__________ the Internet for job vacancies.
“Why do you need a job?” I asked. “You _________EMPLOY_________ by Mr. Green only a week ago as far as I remember.”
“Yes, I was. I got a job of a waiter in his restaurant. But I _________LOSE_________ that job already. They said I was rude to a client.”
“Were you?” I was surprised since Ted was the _________PATIENT_________ and tolerant person I’d ever met.
“Yes, it was probably rude of ________I__________ to tell those ladies that I wouldn’t bring them anything else. Just imagine – they had changed their order three times! Each time they tried a dish, they _________NOT/LIKE_________ it. When they said that for the _________FOUR_________ time, I lost control. One of the _________WOMAN_________ called for the manager and complained.” Ted nervously turned back to his computer. “I didn’t like that job anyway.”
Emma lived in a big city and worked for a large company. Her days were usually very busy – she _________CAN_________ hardly find half an hour for lunch. However, at weekends she ________FEEL__________ bored and lonely. Emma had moved to the city because of her job. Only two months before she had thought she was the _________LUCKY_________ girl in the world. She had got a job most of her friends could only dream about. It was her _______ONE_______ full-time job. The company ________CALL__________ ‘Imagination’. They focused on Internet technologies. Emma _________NOT/KNOW_________ much about the Internet but her boss said that it didn’t matter. He also said that she _________BE_________ creative and had imagination and that was why she had a good chance of succeeding in the job. When Emma told her friend, Lucy Pitt, about the new job, Lucy said:
“I’m very happy that you _________FIND_________ a good job. But I also feel very sad about it because you’ll go to the city and will forget about your friends.”
“I wish we could always be together but it’s impossible,” Emma said. “I promise that I _________COME_________ to visit you as soon as I can.”
Kate called me early in the morning. It was the _________TWO_________ day of holidays; I felt angry with her for waking me up.
“What ________HAPPEN__________?” I didn’t sound very polite, but she paid no attention to that.
“Oh, nothing! I want to go shopping today and wondered if you wanted to go with _________I_________.”
“No, I don’t want to.”
“But it _________NOT/TAKE_________ you long! I promise.”
My first impulse was to say “no”-unlike most ________WOMAN__________ I hated shopping. But Kate sounded so unhappy that I felt sorry for her.
“Ok, what do you need to buy?”
Kate’s voice _________BECOME_________ cheerful again. She excitedly explained to me that she _________WANT_________ to buy a pair of hiking boots and a raincoat. That _________BE_________ strange as Kate had never been fond of hiking.
“I want to take up hiking as a new hobby,” went on Kate. “Bob Smith says that it’s very exciting.”
Now I knew what was going on. Bob Smith, the captain of the school baseball team, was the _________POPULAR_________ boy in our school. All the girls wanted to attract his attention.
When you look at this lovely house in the Welsh countryside, you may think it’s a picture from J.R.R. Tolkien’s book ‘The Hobbit’. In fact it’s a real house designed by a real person. When ____THEY_______ first son was born, Simon Dale’s wife, Jasmine, said: “I wish we ____LIVE_______ in the country. It would be so good for the baby”. However, they ____NOT/HAVE_____ enough money to buy or rent a house in the country so they decided to take matters into their own hands. The house ___BUILD____ by Simon himself, with a bit of help from his friends. The result is impressive. The home is made of natural materials, such as wood, stone and mud. It uses solar panels for energy and its water ___COME_____ from a nearby spring. It took Simon four months to complete his fairytale home. He managed to create a modern wooden eco-home – one of the ___WONDERFUL_____ houses you can imagine. Simon Dale said, “I ____START___ working on a new house of the same eco-style. My ____TWO_____ house will be smarter than the first one. My son ____BE______ five now and I hope to celebrate his tenth birthday in a new house.”
Stonehenge is an ancient monument in south-west England. For me, it’s the ______INTERESTING____ place I’ve ever visited. I clearly remember my ______ONE_______ visit to Stonehenge with my aunt and uncle. They lived nearby and I often _______GO______ to stay with them in my summer holidays. On the day of ______WE_____ trip the weather was fine. There ______BE______ a cool wind blowing, the sun was bright in the sky and Stonehenge looked calm and magical. In those days it was possible to walk among the stones and even touch them. It’s very different now. Stonehenge _____BECOME_______ more crowded than it was. As a result, now people _____ALLOW____ to walk around the monument but they can’t come up very close to it. Today I wish I ____HAVE____ an opportunity to get inside the circle again but unfortunately it is not possible any more. The Stonehenge mystery is still unexplained but I believe scientists _____SOLVE_______ it in the near future.
Mr. and Mrs. Wormwood were our neighbours. They had two _____CHILD_____. Their son Michael ______NOT/DIFFER____ from the other children very much, but their daughter Matilda was a brilliant child.
By the time she was five, Matilda was able to read very well. She studied every magazine and newspaper that she _____CAN_____ find around the house. Actually, she read _____WELL_____ than most school pupils. One afternoon when the parents were out of the house, Matilda put on _____SHE____ dress and shoes and went to the library. The librarian was surprised to see such a small child.
«Are you here for the ____ONE____ time? Would you like me to find a nice book with lots of pictures for you?» she asked.
«No, thank you, I _________FIND_________ what I need,» answered Matilda and pointed to a thick book of fairy tales. Then she added, “I ________COME__________ for a new book as soon as I finish this one”.
The librarian was really shocked when she saw Matilda only two days later.
“I wish all children _________LIKE_________ reading so much,” the librarian said. From that day on Matilda went to the library every afternoon.
Dana Miller was a bus driver in the city of Philadelphia. Her working hours _______BE______ from 10.00 pm till 6:00 am. It was a hard job and very few _____WOMAN_____ worked as bus drivers in those days but Dana loved her job very much. One of her regular passengers was a guitar player. Every Friday night he got on the bus carrying his guitar. The guitar _____MAKE______ of wood, not plastic and Dana liked the way it sounded.
“You should come to see our show,” the guitarist kept saying to Dana.
“I ______SEE______ it one day,” Dana promised each time, but she never said when exactly she ____GO______.
Another passenger who often used Dana’s bus was a Biscuit Lady. She worked at the biscuit factory and often ______GIVE______ Dana a small bag of biscuits. Dana _____NOT/LIKE______ sweets and pastries very much, but she could never resist those biscuits – they were so fresh and tasty.
“How was ______YOU_____ night?” Dana’s husband liked to ask her when she came home.
“Good music, good food and a great view of the city,” she cheerfully answered.
“I wish I ______ENJOY____ my work as much as you enjoy yours,” her husband said, “ but I’m going to have just another boring day at the office.”
Most adults miss their childhood. “Your school years are the _________GOOD_________ years of your life,” – have you ever heard that phrase? Just recently, while I was on my way to work, I started thinking back to my own school years. They probably were not trouble-free but there _________BE_________ many reasons for us to feel happy at school. One of them was spending every single day with friends. We ________NOT/GET__________ tired of being together. The ________TWO__________ one was uniform. Yes, in my opinion, the school uniform had more advantages than disadvantages. _________I_________ was dark green. It was unfashionable but comfortable. It _________MAKE_________ of natural materials. Besides, the uniform saved a lot of time in the mornings. Now it _________TAKE_________ me hours to decide what to wear. Another thing is that I don’t really like sport. But at school we _________PLAY_________ football, netball, hockey and so on. Sport was compulsory. Now I realise that this was a good thing! And of course there were… holidays! Christmas, Easter, half-term, and the jackpot – the summer holidays. I wish I ________HAVE__________ as much free time now.
Dad usually comes up with original ideas. Last Sunday Dad _________DECIDE_________ that we should all go on a camping trip. The idea came to him while he _________READ_________ an article about camping. The article said that camping brings families together.
“Not true”, I smiled. “What about television? It usually _________HELP_________ families to feel a lot more united.”
“If the weather is fine, we _________GO_________ on a trip next weekend,” Dad said and put his magazine on the coffee table.
I quickly looked over at my _________YOUNG_________ brother, Paul. He gave me a knowing smile, “Do you remember _________WE_________ last trip?” I certainly did. Last summer Dad told us that fishing would be a great family activity. We bought four expensive fishing rods and drove for three long hours to a big lake in Virginia. When we got there, we discovered that we ________FORGET__________ to take the fishing rods. Ten minutes later we made another unpleasant discovery: we _________NOT/HAVE_________ the tent which meant we couldn’t stay overnight and we had to drive all the way back home again. We _________BE_________ tired and disappointed with the trip.
It was Friday evening. Liz was looking forward to Saturday because it was her husband’s birthday. She had been preparing for this event for a long time. She had invited ________THEY__________ college friends and they were all coming from different cities. The best part was that Carlos, her husband, _________NOT/KNOW_________ anything about the arrangements. It was going to be a surprise. Liz _________MAKE_________ sandwiches when Carlos came into the kitchen.
“Look, darling,” he said, “I know it’s my birthday tomorrow but I don’t want to do anything special for it.”
Liz thought, “I wish I _________CAN_________ cancel the party but I can’t – it’s too late. The party will take place anyway and it will be the _________GOOD_________ party ever”.
When Carlos came home on Saturday, there ________BE__________ lots of people there. Carlos _________TELL________ them that he felt very happy to see them all and it was true! The guests enjoyed the dinner and then Liz brought in a cake. The cake __________DECORATE________ with chocolates and jellies, and it had as many candles as the number of years Carlos had reached that day. Carlos couldn’t blow them out on the _________ONE_________ try and his friends were delighted to help him.
After school, I decided to go to university. I ________CHOOSE__________ St Andrews University in Scotland. At that time I ________NOT/KNOW__________ much about the University but when I arrived there, I liked it at once. Now I’m in my last year and I wish I _________CAN_________ stay here forever! St Andrews University is a truly special place. It _________BUILD_________ 600 years ago and it is one of the oldest universities in the English-speaking world. It has many traditions – for example, the ‘May Dip’. It is held on the ________ONE__________ of May every year. All the students run into the North Sea at sunrise to celebrate the coming of spring and for good luck! One of my classmates said that the tradition ________HELP__________ him to pass his exams last summer. For me the ‘May Dip’ was the _________COLD_________ experience of my life! Because the weather is famously cold, St Andrews students designed _________THEY_________ own uniform which consists of a warm jacket, jeans and boat shoes. The uniform _________MAKE_________ us all look the same, but it is the only way to keep warm!
It was a cold January day in York, Pennsylvania. Dr. James turned on the television to check on the weather. The weatherman said that it was going to stay cold for several days. According to him, the roads _________BE_________ very dangerous because of the snow and ice and he strongly recommended staying at home if at all possible. Dr. James _________NOT/CAN_________ stay at home. He worked in a hospital and there were patients waiting for him there. He put on a sweater, jacket, gloves, boots and a hat, and opened his front door. Everything ________COVER__________ with snow. A cold wind blew inside. “Wow,” Dr. James said. “The weatherman was right! I wish I ________HAVE__________ a reindeer instead of my old car.” When Dr. James ________DRIVE__________ slowly to work, he saw an accident. He stopped and ________RUN__________ to the damaged car. There was a man and two ________CHILD__________ inside. “Is everyone okay?” Dr. James asked. “Yes, yes, we are fine,” answered the man. “I ________CALL__________ 911 already. They are coming to help ________WE__________. It looks like we won’t get to school today.”
Martin was in a hurry as he had to be in the office as soon as possible. His boss _________NOT/LIKE_________ it when anyone missed the morning meetings and Martin had already been late several times that week. His boss had warned him: “If you are late again, you _________LOSE_________ your job.” Martin was afraid of losing his job. His colleagues were nice to him, the salary was good and he sometimes ________GO__________ on business trips abroad. It was actually the _________GOOD_________ job he had ever had. He ran out of the house, jumped into his car and backed up without looking. BOOM! There _________BE_________ a sound like someone hitting a drum. Martin had hit the car behind him.
“Oh, no!” Martin exclaimed.
Martin glanced at his watch. It was 7:18. He looked around. There were no _________POLICEMAN_________ on the street and he decided to drive off quickly. It took _________HE_________ 20 minutes to get to work. The boss was not around. “Thank goodness,” Martin said to himself and sat down at his desk to work. The boss arrived an hour later.
“Somebody hit my car and left without leaving a note,” he said angrily. “I wish I ________KNOW__________ who he was. My car was absolutely new! It _________BUY_________ only a week ago.”
Martin went up to the window, saw the car and understood that he would lose his job anyway.
Tracey was very unhappy and scared. She was starting a new school.
“I _________NOT/WANT_________ to go to school today,” Tracey told her father.
“I understand, Tracey,” he said. “Starting a new school can be very difficult. But you have to.”
A month before _________THEY_________ family had moved to a new town and everything was still new and strange for Tracey. Dad smoothed Tracey’s hair down and _________GIVE_________ her a little hug,
“When your classes _________BE_________ over, I’ll pick you up, ok?”
When Tracey got to school and looked at the big building, she thought, “I wish I _________CAN_________ run away,” but she knew it was impossible. She took a deep breath and walked up the steps to school. She went straight into her _________FIVE_________ grade classroom.
“That must be Tracey,” “Hello, Tracey!”, “Welcome, Tracey!” the _________CHILD_________ in the room welcomed her.
Everyone seemed friendly and Tracey felt a little _________GOOD_________.
The father picked her up after school.
“How was your day?” he asked. To his surprise Tracey answered that she _________LIKE_________ her new school.
“You are a brave girl,” her father said. “I’m proud of you.”
Упражнения на словообразование.