Глагол to be в настоящем времени

Глагол to be в настоящем времени.

Ex. 1. Complete what Brenda says about herself on the picture. Use am,  is or are.

My name (1) ______ Brenda Foster. I (2)  ______ on the left in the picture. I (3) ______  ten years old and I (4) ______ in the fifth form. My birthday (5)  _____ on the first of January. I (6) ______  from Santa Monica, California, USA. I (7) ______ American. My phone number (8) ______ 235-456-789. I live at 16 Park Street. My post code (9) ______ LA 30 SM. I’ve got a sister and a brother. Their names (10) ______ Gina and Paul. Gina (11) ______ 16 years old and Paul (12) ______  only three. I’ve also got a dog. His name (13) ______ Spot. He (14) ______  on the right in the picture. My Mum (15) ______ a doctor. She works at a hospital. My Dad (16) ______ a driver. He works in Los Angeles. We (17)  ______ all   friendly in our family.

Ex. 2. Choose the correct forms of the verb “to be”.

A: Hi, Alex. How (1)  _________ you?

B: Hello David. I (2) _________  fine and how (3) _________  you doing?

A: I (4)  _________doing fine.

B: How (5)  _________ your sister? Where (6) _________she now?

A: She (7)  _________ in London. She (8) _________learning English there.

B: Really? That (9) _________wonderful! How about your parents?

A; They (10) _________ fine too. They (11) _________ in Cyprus now.

B: (12) _________ you busy tonight?

A: Not really, why?

B: We (13) _________ having a party. Would you like to come?

A: I’d love to.

B: Then come to our place at 7:00 p.m.

Ex. 3. Choose from is / isn’t, are / aren’t, am / ’m not.

  1. I __________ lazy.
  2. My friend ___________ naughty.
  3. My granny___________ kind.
  4. My granddad ___________clever.
  5. My teachers___________ funny.
  6. I___________ a bad pupil.

Ex. 4. Fill in is, are, He’s, She’s, l’m, They’re.

  1. How _____ your mum? — _______ fine, thanks.
  2. How _____ your parents? — _____ OK.
  3. How _____ you? — _____ very well, thank you.
  4. How _____ your uncle? — _____ fine, thanks.
  5. How _____ your children? — _____ OK.
  6. How _____ Liz? — _____ fine, thanks.
  7. How _____ your cousin? — _____ very well, thank you

Ex. 5. Write in am /’m not, is / isn’t or are / aren’t.

  1. I _____ a businessman.
  2. I _____ a pupil.
  3. My friends_____ teachers.
  4. My uncle_____ a driver.
  5. My parents _____ doctors.
  6. My cousins _____ vets.
  7. My mum _____ a shop-assistant.

Ex. 6. Choose between am/is/are.

1. What … your name?— My name … Ann.

2. What … your address? — My address … 175 Central Way.

3. What… your phone number? — My phone number … 718-19-30.

4. Where … you from? — I … from London.

5. What … you? — I … a student.

6. Who ….your parents? — My parents … Steve and Nancy.

7. What … they? — They … teachers.

8. What … your uncle? — My uncle … a doctor.

9. … your aunt a doctor? — No, she… not. She … a housewife.

10. … they at home? — No, they … not at home, they … at work.

11. My brother … a driver. He … at work too.

12. … your family big? — Yes, it ….

13. . …. your sister tall? — No, she … not. She  … a little girl. She … five years old.

14. How old … your brother? — Yes, he … ten.

15. … your brother at school?— No, he … not at school.

16. My brother … on holiday now.

17. … you a happy family? — Yes, we…

Ex. 7. Fill in the gaps with am/is/are.

1. Where … you? — I… in the kitchen.

2. Where … Fred? — He … in the garage.

3. Where … Lisa and John? — They .. in the living-room.

4. Where… Mike? — He … in the garden.

5. What time … it?  — It … 5 o’clock.

6. Your watch … slow. It … 5 minutes past 5 now.

7. Where … our Tom-cat? — He … on the sofa.

8. It … so quite. Where … the children? — They … in the bedroom.

9. What … they doing there? — They … playing hide and seek.

10. … it your brother who … in the bathroom? — I think he …

11. It… time to have tea. The pie … ready. The cups … on the table.

12. My home … my castle.

Ex. 8. Choose the right option: am/is/are.

1… you busy? — No, I… not.

2. Mike … busy. He … in the office.

3. It… ten o’clock. She … late again.

4. How … you? — I … not very well today. — I … sorry to hear that.

5. We … interested in this work.

6. Vera … afraid of her boss.

7. She  …  nervous.

8. They … not in the office at the moment.

9. Where … the keys? — They … in your jacket.

10. What… the time, please? — It … two o’clock.

11. Do you have any idea where he … ?

12. Used cars … cheap.

13. I don’t remember what his telephone number … .

14. Two heads … better than one.

15. You … right. That … a lot of money!

16. Coffee … very good here.

17. … this your watch? — Yes, it .. .

18. My uncle … an office worker. He … at work.

19. Where … the papers? — They … on the table.

20. I ….glad to hear that.

 

Упражнения на косвенную речь

Упражнения на косвенную речь.

Ex. 1. Replace these words and phrases with the necessary expressions in the reported speech.

1. here –

2. today –

3. that –

4. yesterday –

5. tomorrow –

6. this –

7. a week ago –

8. last weekend –

9. those –

10. next week –

11. these days –

12. last week –

13. now –

14. these –

15. this morning –

Ex. 2. Make the indirect speech direct.

  1. He said that he was going to leave Rome.
  2. He asked if Peter had been to Berlin.
  3. Kate said she was thirsty.
  4. My boss asked her if she liked having her meals alone.
  5. She told me to revise everything for the examination.
  6. My sister says he was in Paris 2 years before.
  7. She asked her son if he would be back early that day.
  8. They answered that they had to go to the library after lessons.
  9. The son asked his mother to pass him the salad.
  10. The doctor said the patient could not walk alone because he was weak.
  11. They asked me how I got to the station.
  12. He told us he had two children, his son was three and his daughter was five.
  13. She asked whether I was ready to go.
  14. She explained it would take her ten minutes to pack.
  15. He asked the children not to make so much noise.

Ex. 3. Make the direct speech indirect.

  1. ‘He hasn’t eaten breakfast’.
  2. ‘I won’t see you tomorrow’.
  3. ‘She is smoking right now’
  4. ‘I can help you tomorrow’.
  5. ‘I visited my parents at the weekend’
  6. ‘Everybody must try to do their best”
  7. ‘How are you?’
  8. ‘When does the train leave?’
  9. ‘Who did you see at the meeting?’
  10. ‘Are you hungry?’
  11. ‘Why wasn’t Judy at the party?’
  12. ‘Make some coffee, Bob’
  13. ‘Don’t forget to thank Mrs. Jones!’
  14. ‘Have your tickets ready’
  15. ‘Stop the dog’

Ex. 4. Change the direct speech into reported speech. 

  1. “I work hard,” Jillian said.
  2. “I am planning to go to Kenya,” Sally said.
  3. “I take my little sister to school every day,” little Anthony said.
  4. “You may take my textbook,” Nonna said.
  5. “They are playing in the gym now,” Nick said.
  6. “I don’t like chocolate,” Mary said.
  7. “My sister is ready to go” Helen said.
  8. “My mother usually goes shopping on Saturday,” the girl said.
  9. “The birds build their nests among the trees,” the teacher said.
  10. “I am not married,” Jimmy said.
  11. “I can’t read these books. I don’t like them,” Petra said.
  12. Kristy asked me, “Do you want to stay outside?”
  13. She asked us, “Why have you come so late?”
  14. She said, “I don’t know where my shoes are.”

Ex. 5. Change the direct speech into the indirect speech. 

  1. I have already finished the test.
  2. We have gone on holiday.
  3. Nelly can’t write; she has cut her finger.
  4. The Ivanovs have travelled to many places.
  5. Sam has already learnt the poem.
  6. My sister has broken my pencil.
  7. My dad has never travelled by plane.
  8. Andrew has lost his keys.
  9. Jill has never slept in a tent.
  10. The party finished late.
  11. They lived in a camp when they were on holiday.
  12. My brother got up early this morning.
  13. Li was a famous sportsman.
  14. The couple agreed to meet at six.
  15. Yesterday, I saw Mary in the street.
  16. Sammy arrived by train.
  17. Nicky went home early yesterday.
  18. The kids played tennis in the yard.
  19. I’ll meet them at school.
  20. The match will take place next week.
  21. This work will take little time.
  22. My parents will come at 3.
  23. Mike will do this exercise later.
  24. My friend won’t be able to come.
  25. They’ll build a new hotel here.
  26. It will rain tomorrow.
  27. Sandy won’t be able to come.
  28. We’ll have examinations next year.

Ex. 6. Imagine that you met your friend and he told you something. Writе what he told you.

  1. I haven’t seen you for a long time.
  2. I was away from school because I was ill.
  3. I phoned you many times but you were out.
  4. Some of the schoolmates came to see me.
  5. I had a cold and stayed in bed.
  6. I watched TV.
  7. I’ll come to school next week.
  8. I’ll be better I hope.
  9. The doctor has given me many pills.

Ex 7. Transform the sentences into the direct speech.

  1. He said the meeting had finished.
  2. He said that his bus hadn’t come in time the day beforе.
  3. The boys said they would go to the football match.
  4. He said their team hadn’t won the last game.
  5. Molly said that she had gone to the library after school.
  6. Liz said that she would go home early.
  7. Wе said that we hadn’t made any plans yet.

Ex. 8. Imagine that you saw your doctor yesterday because you had a bad headache. Tell your partner what questions the doctor asked.

  1. Do you sleep well?
  2. Is anything wrong with you?
  3. Do you sometimes have headaches?
  4. Are you taking any medicine now?
  5. Do you spend much time out- of-doors?
  6. Do you do sports?
  7. Have you a good appetite?
  8. Do you usually go to bed late?
  9. Will you follow my advice?

Ex. 9. Report the questions.

  1. Are you glad to be back?
  2. How are you?
  3. How long have you been away?
  4. Are you going away again?
  5. What will you do in future?
  6. Why did you come back?
  7. What are you doing now?
  8. Have you made new friends?
  9. Where are you living now?
  10. Are you English?
  11. Can Molly speak English?
  12. What impressed you most in England?
  13. When did Rick come home yesterday?
  14. Does Megan like travelling?
  15. Will you come to my place on Friday?
  16. Is it your second visit to England?
  17. Why have you come to scotland?
  18. Will Molly stay at the hotel long?

Ex 10. Write the reported questions.

  1. “Who is he?” she asked.
  2. “Why is she working so late?” he asked.
  3. “Is she British?” he asked.
  4. “What’s her name?” he asked.
  5. “What did she buy?” he asked.
  6. “Will you have something to eat?” she asked.
  7. “Have they got any money?” she asked.
  8. “How did you do that?” she asked.

Упражнения на согласование времён.

 

 

 

 

Упражнения на согласование времён

Упражнения на согласование времён.

Ex. 1. Transform these sentences using the sequence of tenses.

  1. She said, “I speak French.” – She said that she …
  2. She said, “I am speaking French.”
  3. She said, “I have spoken French.”
  4. She said, “I spoke French.”
  5. She said, “I am going to speak French.”
  6. She said, “I will speak French.”
  7. She said, “I can speak French.”
  8. She said, “I may speak French.”
  9. She said, “I have to speak French.”
  10. She said, “I must speak French.”
  11. She said, “I should speak French.”
  12. She said, “I ought to speak French.”
  13. He said, “I went to the city centre on Sunday.”
  14. My mother said, “I have washed the dishes.”
  15. She said, “I am reading.”
  16. They said, “We are busy.”
  17. He said, “I know a better restaurant.”
  18. She said, “I woke up early.”
  19. He said, “I will ring her.”
  20. They said, “We have just arrived.”
  21. He said, “I will clean the car.”
  22. She said, “I did not say that.”
  23. He said: “I won’t tell anyone.”

Ex. 2. Choose the right option from the brackets.

1. She realized that nobody (will come/would come).

2. We understood that she (sees/saw) nothing.

3. He said he (will arrive/would arrive) in some days.

4. My mother was sure I already (have come/had come).

5. I didn’t know they (are/were) in the room.

6. We supposed the rain (will stop/would stop) in some hours.

7. He said he never (has been/had been) to London.

8. We wanted to know who (is singing/was singing) in the next room.

9. I always thought he (is/was) a brave man.

10. When I saw him, he (is working/was working).

11. We know she always (comes/came) in time.

12. They thought he (will have finished/would have finished) his work by the evening.

13. She said she (has/had) a terrible headache.

14. We supposed they (will send/would send) us the documents.

15. He said he (has not seen/had not seen) us for ages.

Ex. 3. Transform these sentences into the direct speech.

  1. He said he had had a big meal.

  2. She told me she wasn’t surprised.

  3. Sally said she had already found the book.

  4. The pupil said that he hadn’t learnt the lesson.

  5. My grandma told me that she was very busy and couldn’t help me.

  6. Ben told the doctor that he felt ill as he had had an enormous meal.

  7. They told us they were leaving on June 8.

  8. They said she lived in London.

  9. David said he had broken the cup.

  10. Tom said he had been working at school for three years.

  11. James told his friends he liked to watch TV shows.

  12. She said she couldn’t go for a walk because she was watching an interesting TV programme.

Упражнения на косвенную речь.

Passive Voice – exercises

Passive Voice – exercises.

Ex. 1. Look and the sentences and name the passive forms.

  1. Breakfast was cooked by our mother.
  2. The new rule was explained to us at the English lesson.
  3. The story was written by Chekhov.
  4. This sports centre was visited by lots of people.
  5. This sports game is often played at P.E. lessons.
  6. The ball was thrown over the fence.
  7. The boxer was knocked down.
  8. I was born in Moscow.
  9. They will be trained by a famous coach.
  10. I will be sent to the competition.

Ex. 2. Choose the correct options from the brackets.

  1. The news programme ( is watched / watched ) by millions of people every day.
  2. The Mona Liza ( painted / was painted ) by Leonardo da Vinchi.
  3. The new cinema ( be built / will be built ) next year.
  4. New pop groups ( are much spoken / is much spoken ) about among teenagers.
  5. Alexander Pushkin’s first poem ( was written / written ) when he was fourteen.
  6. The letters (be sent / will be sent ) by post tomorrow.
  7. The translation (was finished / were finished ) two hours ago.
  8.  London ( visited / is visited ) by hundreds of tourists every year.
  9. The dinner ( be / will be ) ready in an hour (через час).

Ex. 3. Present, Past or Future Simple Passive.

  1. Tom always (to ask) at the lessons.
  2. I (to ask) at the last lesson.
  3. Our country house (to finish) next year.
  4. The dog (to find) by my sister yesterday.
  5.  This work (to do) tomorrow.
  6. This text (to translate) at the last lesson.
  7. These trees (to plant) every autumn.
  8. Many interesting games always (to play) at our P.E. lessons.
  9. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow.
  10. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday.
  11. My question (to answer) yesterday.
  12. Hockey (to play) in winter.
  13. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn.
  14. Many houses (to burn) during the war.
  15. His new book (to finish) next year.
  16. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets.
  17. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703.
  18. Bread (to eat) every day.
  19. The letter (to receive) yesterday.
  20. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week.
  21. I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday.
  22. Many houses (to build) in our town every year.

Ex. 4. Choose the right form of the verbs.

  1. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel agency.
  2. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs.
  3. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room.
  4. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift.
  5. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloakroom downstairs.
  6. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs.
  7. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel.
  8. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum.

Ex. 5. Make the active sentences passive. Start with the words in bold.

  1. Mother waters the flowers in the evening.
  2. Irene’s husband brought her some beautiful shells from the south.
  3. The explorers gave the newspaper reportersa long interview.
  4. Mr. Wilson will teach you English.
  5. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday.
  6. Our mother tells us stories every evening.
  7. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures.
  8. A boy showed her the way.
  9. They will send us a box of fruit.
  10. Five or six small children followed them.
  11. We will do the translation in the evening.

Ex. 6. Make the active sentences passive.

  1. We learn English.
  2. The teacher asked the students a question.
  3. They told me about the accident.
  4. We will find our pets.
  5. Next year we will learn French.
  6. The teacher asked her a question.
  7. I take my dog out every day.

 

Упражнения на Present Simple

Упражнения на Present Simple.

Ex. 1. Write the 3rd person singular. Mind the spelling.

do – does

go –  __________

read – reads

collect –  __________

hate –  __________

play –  __________

study – studies

tidy –  __________

wash – washes

watch –  __________

brush –  __________

teach –  __________

Ex. 2. Yan is at a summer camp. Write what he usually does in the camp. Complete the sentences using Present Simple. 

He ________ (get) up at 7. He ________ (have) his English lesson every day. Не ________   (speak) English to his friends. He   ________  (play) board games in the afternoon. Sometimes he  ________  (swim) in the lake. He often  ________ (go) hiking. He sometimes  ________ (sit) by the camp fire in the evenings. He never  ________ (go) on a trip without his friends.

Ex. 3. Complete these sentences in Present Simple. Use the words from the list:

go, like, love,  watch,  read,  like, walk,  come,  do,  watch. 

My name’s Pavel. In the evening I usually (1) ___________ my homework. Then I (2) ___________  TV or video. I (3) ___________  action films! They are super! Then I  (4) ___________ my  dog.  After  that I  (5)  ___________ home, (6) ___________  a book and (7) ___________  to  bed. My sister is little. She doesn’t  (8) ___________ action films. She (9) ___________ cartoons. She (10) ___________  them  every  day.

Ex. 4. Put the words in the correct order to make these sentences.

  1. have/family/with/I/dinner/my.
  2. We/a/restaurant/go/French/to.
  3. a/of/breakfast/have/coffee/people/lot/for.
  4. a/lunch/don’t/They/big/like.
  5. friends/I/coffee/have/in/cafe/a/my/and.
  6. sausages/very/healthy/think/I/are/don’t.

Ex. 5. Put the words in the correct order to make the questions or negatives.

  1. you/a/car/have/new/Do?
  2. do/arrive/London/What/in/time/they?
  3. Excuse/me/English/do/you/speak?
  4. don’t/like/I/books/her.
  5. Do/eat/of/meat/a/lot/you?
  6. We/this/book/have/new/don’t.

Ex. 6. Put the words in the correct order to make the sentences.

  1. I/before/8.00/always/get/up
  2. They/usually/shopping/the/at/weekend/go.
  3. but/Sarah/has/breakfast/sometimes/not/always.
  4. bed/to/go/usually/you/do/time/What?
  5. boss/my/with/English/speak/never/I.
  6. train/by/office/the/to/go/sometimes/We.

Ex. 7. Order the words to complete the sentences.

  1. rugby/popular/country/Is/in/your?
  2. often/does/out/How/go/Carmen?
  3. sport/Is/Olympics/this/the/in?
  4. do/work/you/How/to/go?
  5. is/sport/the/national/What/Japan/in?
  6. do/your/Where/you/meet/friends?

Ex. 8. Complete the sentences with 1 word.

  1. Where _____________ Michael from?
  2. ________________ does your brother do in his free time?
  3. _____________ do we arrive in Athens?
  4. _____________ you good at tennis?
  5. ______________ often do you get a taxi?
  6. How ____________ people in your country relax?

Ex. 9. Make up the questions using the words in brackets.

1. Ann watches TV. (How often?)…
2.I write emails to my friends. (How often?)…
3. They have dinner in the evening. (What time/usually?) …
4. Tom works. (Where?) …
5. Mark and his sister go to the cinema. (How often?)…
6. People do stupid things. (Why?) …
7. The car breaks down. (How often?) …

Ex. 10. Restore the right word order to complete the questions.

1. buy/you/do/what/at the shops?
2. is/who/that man?
3. your parents/moment/where/at the/are?
4. you/how/come/to school/do?
5. is/your car/where?

Ex. 11. Complete the questions using the words in brackets.

1. The Greens live in London. (Where)
2. She lives in Green Street. (Where)
3. Grace usually has dinner at nine o’clock. (When)
4. Tim reads many books. (Does)
5. Sally speaks Spanish. (Does)
6. We have English lessons on Tuesdays and Fridays. (Do … or…)
7. They work on a farm. (Where)
8. I make my bed in the morning. (Do)
9. The children play in the park, not in the square. (Do … or…)
10. They do their homework after school. (When)
11. I have a glass of milk for dinner. (What)
12. We like watching TV in the evening. (Do)

Ex. 12. Use these words to make questions. Mind the word order.

1. Does/what/up/get/she/time?
2. Do/breakfast/does/what/she/before?
3. For/does/have/breakfast/she/what?
4. To/how/she/work/does/go?
5. She/does/what/evening/do/the/in?
6. Bed/time/does/to/what/she/go?

Ex. 13. Read the answers and make questions to them. 
1. (When… ?)______________________
She gets up at eight o’clock.
2. (What … do…?)__________________
She has breakfast at nine o’clock.
3. (Where…?) ______________________
She works in the bookshop.
4. (Where…?) _________________
She has lunch in a cafe.
5. (When …?) _________________
She comes home at half past five.
6. (What … do ?) ___________
She watches TV in the evening.
7. (When …?) _________________
She goes to bed at 10 o’clock.

Правила употребления Present Simple.

Тесты на Present Simple c автоматической проверкой и задания на аудирование.

 

Infinitive vs Gerund

Infinitive vs Gerund.

Ex. 1. Match the halves to complete the sentences (1-a, 2-b).

  1. She is interested                           a) drinking alcohol.
  2. I would like                                    b) to seeing my daughter.
  3. You should give up                       c) being ill.
  4. We really enjoy                             d) laughing at her.
  5. I’m looking forward                     e) to living in a dirty house.
  6. He is used                                       f) talking to drunk people.
  7. She pretended                               g) swimming in the sea.
  8. Pamela is good                              h) to have a cup of coffee.
  9. I couldn’t help                               i) in surfing the Internet.
  10. She avoids                                      j) at riding a horse.

Ex. 2. Complete the sentences with the expression get a good job. Use the Infinitive or the -ing form of the verb get.

  1. I want _________________________.
  2. I suggest _________________________.
  3. I decided _________________________.
  4. I recommend _________________________.
  5. I hope _________________________.
  6. I feel like _________________________.
  7. I managed _________________________.
  8. I am trying _________________________.
  9. I would appreciate _________________________.
  10. I will not refuse _________________________.
  11. I agree _________________________.
  12. I have denied _________________________.

Ex. 3. Infinitive or gerund?

  1. I am planning … (to visit/visiting) my granny next week.
  2. When they finish … (to eat/eating) their lunch, they’ll go to the office.
  3. He suggested … (to buy/buying) some food.
  4. Does Sally enjoy … (to go/going) to the gym?
  5. John refused … (to answer/answering) my question.
  6. My brother intends … (to get/getting) married soon.
  7. I think she didn’t mean … (to hurt/hurting) you.
  8. Keep … (to beat/beating) the eggs. (Продолжай взбивать яйца.)
  9. Fred can’t afford … (to travel/travelling) this year.
  10. We expect … (to leave/leaving) tomorrow.
  11. Mary decided … (to fly/flying) to Venice.
  12. The sportsmen hope … (to get/getting) the best results.
  13. Are you going to give up … (to smoke/smoking)?
  14. They don’t want … (to have/having) any more children.
  15. I don’t mind … (to wash up/washing up).
  16. Girls, stop … (to giggle/giggling).
  17. Ben likes … (to play/playing) chess.
  18. Lara goes … (to dance/dancing) every weekend.
  19. Harry can’t stand … (to work/working) on Saturdays.

Ex. 4. Infinitive with or without “to”? Choose the correct option.

  1. We can … (speak/to speak) Spanish.
  2. He often makes me … (feel/to feel) guilty.
  3. You have … (be/to be) friendly and polite.
  4. She must … (stay/to stay).
  5. The lawyer will … (call/to call) you later.
  6. I’d like … (send/to send) him a present.
  7. You’d better … (move/to move) faster.
  8. Mother wants … (paint/to paint) the walls in the kitchen.
  9. We decided … (sell/to sell) the car.
  10. He always fails … (keep/to keep) his word.
  11. I am trying … (lift/to lift) this heavy stone.
  12. Let me … (give/to give) you some advice.
  13. It may … (cost/to cost) too much.

Ex.5. Put “to” before the infinitive where it is necessary.

1 . My son asked me … let him … go to the club.
2 . You must make him … practice an hour a day.
3 . She was made … repeat the song.
4 . He is not sure that it can … be done, but he is willing … try.
5 . Let me … help you with your work.
6 . She asked me … read the letter carefully and … write an answer.
7 . You ought … take care of your health.
8 . I looked for the book everywhere but could not … find it.

9. We had … put on our overcoats because it was cold.
10 . The man told me not … walk on the grass.
11 . You had better … go there at once.
12 . I would rather not … tell them about it.
13 . We will take a taxi not … miss the train.

Ex. 6. Make infinitives (add “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs in brackets to make the following sentences grammatically correct.

  1. When I’m tired, I enjoy … television. It’s relaxing. (watch)
  2. It was a nice day, so we decided … for a walk. (go)
  3. I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind … (wait)
  4. They don’t have much money. They can’t afford … out very often. (go)
  5. I wish that dog would stop … It’s driving me mad. (bark)
  6. We were hungry, so I suggested … dinner early. (have)
  7. Hurry up! I don’t want to risk … the train. (miss)
  8. I’m still looking for a job but I hope … something soon. (find)

Ex. 7. Complete the following sentences with infinitives or gerunds of the following verbs: answer, apply, listen, make, wash, work, write.

1. He tried to avoid … my question.
2. Could you please stop … so much noise?
3. I enjoy … to music.
4. I considered … for the job but in the end I decided against it.
5. Have you finished … your hair yet?

6. Jim is 65 but he isn’t going to retire yet. He wants to continue ….
7. I’ve delayed … the letter so many times. I really must do it today.

Ex. 8. Put one of the given verbs in the correct form – infinitive or gerund: to lock, to explain, to show, to play, to listen, to do, to write, to drive, to understand, to work.

  1. Don’t forget … the door.
  2. He tried … but she didn’t want …
  3. Would you mind … me how the lift works?
  4. I’m beginning … what you mean.
  5. The boys like … tennis but not … this in bad weather.
  6. Try … this correctly.
  7. He likes … in his cabinet.
  8. I prefer … my car myself.

 

Past Simple. Exercises

Past Simple. Exercises.

Ex. 1. Fill in the missing words.

go- … – ходить

… – read – читать

play – … – …

feed – … –

be – … – быть

stay – … – оставаться

… – found – находить

sit – … – сидеть

sleep – … – спать

write – … – писать

Ex. 2. Complete the stories using the verbs in Past Simple: be (2), feed, take, start, visit, listen.

The children went to London. The Tour ________at Hyde Park in the morning. The children_______the ducks and squirrels there. Then they ________photos of Trafalgar Square. The next stop __________the British Museum. They also ___________ the Tower of London. The children _______to the famous bell Big Ben. In the evening they ________ very tired.

see, find, help, be, put, catch, be

One day the children were on the ship. The sea was quiet. Suddenly they _________the pirates’ ship. The pirates_________ the children and _______them in a dark room, but Kevin ________ Steve and Maggie. In the room the children ________ the eighth magic pearl. Kevin put the eight pearls together and saved the Shell Kingdom. Kevin’s parents _______very happy.

Ex. 3.  Complete the dialogue using Past Simple.

Kim:  What __________ (you do) last night, Lisa?

Lisa: I went to the cinema.

Kim: What film _____________ (you see) ?

Lisa: Shrek.

Kim: Who _____________ ( you go) with?

Lisa: Pete and Zoe.

Kim: _________ (you enjoy) it?

Lisa: Well, the special effects were brilliant, but the story wasn’t very good.

Kim: What time ____________ (it finish)?

Lisa: At ten o’clock.

Kim:  What______ (you do) after the film?

Lisa: We went for a pizza.

Ex. 4. Complete the questions in the Past.

Neil : Did you stay at home last weekend?

Karen: No, I didn’t. I went to Brighton with my family

Neil: ____________to Brighton on the train?

Karen:  No, we went by coach.

Neil: ___________ swimming?

Karen: Yes, we did. The water was very cold!

Neil: ______________Brighton Pavilion?

Karen: Yes, we did. It was fantastic!

Neil: _______________souvenirs?

Karen: Oh, yes!

Ex. 5. Complete the sentences using Past Simple.

  1. Last night I _________ (listen to) some CDs.
  2. The car__________ (stop) opposite the house.
  3. I ____________ (not watch) TV last night.
  4. James ___________ (not study) Greek before his exam.
  5. Peter and Ann__________ (travel) to Turkey last summer

 

Past Simple-Past Continuous. Exercises.

Past Simple-Past Continous. Exercises.

Ex 1. Choose the correct verb form (Past Simple or Past Continuous) to complete the sentences.

  1. The film was rubbish, so we left/ were leaving the cinema and went / were going to the cybercafé.
  2. I didn’t like / wasn’t liking the program we watched / were watching, so I turned / was turning off the TV.
  3. Dave rang / was ringing me while I did / was doing my homework.
  4. As I fell / was falling asleep, I heard/was hearing a strange noise.
  5. I dropped / was dropping my keys while I ran / was running for the bus.
  6. The competition judges didn’t know / weren’t knowing whose food they tasted/ were tasting.

Ex 2. Complete the email with the Past Simple or Past Continuous of these verbs. You will need to use some verbs more than once.

Words: decide, get, give, go, happen, not hurt, play, try, want.

Last weekend Ben and I visited that new leisure center that everyone is talking about. We 1) ___________ to the ice-skating rink first. Ben slipped a few times while he 2) ___________ to do acrobatic tricks, but luckily he 3) ___________ himself. After that, we went to the main hall to see what 4) __________ there. On one side of the hall a rock band 5) __________ while on the other side some skateboarders 6) ____________ a display. The Skateboarders were fantastic so we 7) ___________ to stay and watch them.

After the exhibition, we both 8) __________ to go to the shops inside the center. But it was nearly rush hour and the shops 9) ___________ really crowded so we 10) ____________ to the multiplex cinema to see The Illusionist. What a fantastic film!

Ex 3. Past Simple or Past Continuous?

  1. An amazing display of traditional-style canoes ____ last week in Portland (to open).
  2. Last month, we ________ the most amazing opportunity to head down to Nashville (to have).
  3. Last year we________ too tired even to make quality home design (to be).
  4. While the tourists __________ at the beach, animators __________ coffee in the bar (to dance, to have).
  5. Last time there ________ a snowfall in November in 2016 (to be).
  6. We ________ busy building our new country house that year (to be).
  7. Our friend’s dog __________ us as we__________ around the neighborhood (to follow, to walk).
  8. The student __________ up the escalator while it __________ (to run, to move).

Ex. 4. Match the beginnings (1-7) with the endings (a-g). Then complete the sentences with the past simple or past continuous of the verbs in brackets.

1.He ___________ (climb) down the side of a building

2. The sun _________ (shine) brightly

3. The hot water tank _________ (explode)

4. When we _________ (get) to the concert

5. I _________ (not know) that my friends

6. While you _________ (lie) on the beach

7. Last year, Simon _________ (give up) painting

 

a) while I __________ (have) a shower.

b) the band ___________ (play) my favourite song.

c) when suddenly the rope _________ (break).

d) and __________ (take up) sculpture instead.

e) ___________ (prepare) a surprise  party for me.

f) when I __________ (get up) this morning.

g) we ___________ (study) for our exams!

Ex. 5. Past Simple or Past Continuous?

  1. I (to go) to the cinema yesterday.
  2. I (to go) to the cinema at four o’clock yesterday.
  3. They (to go) to the cinema when they met me.
  4. She (to learn) words the whole evening yesterday.
  5. She (to learn) words when mother came home.
  6. He (to work) in the garden yesterday.
  7. He (to work) in the garden from five till eight yesterday.
  8. My sister is fond of read­ing. She (to read) the whole evening yesterday.
  9. The children (to do) their lessons at six o’clock yesterday.
  10. I (not to play) the pi­ano yesterday. I (to write) a letter to my friend.
  11. I (not to play) the piano at four o’clock yester­day. I (to read) a book.
  12. He (not to sleep) when father came home. He (to do) his homework.
  13. When I (to go) to school the day before yester­day, I met Mike and Pete. They (to talk) and (to eat) an ice-cream.
  14. The baby (to sleep) the whole evening yesterday. She (feel) bad.
  15. What your father (to do) from eight till nine yesterday?
  16. Why she (to cry) when I saw her yesterday?

Ex. 6. Complete the dialogue using Past Simple or Past Continuous.

Ann:   How ____ your holiday at the seaside?

Ben:   Oh, it ____ wonderful, thank you! We ____ great fun!

Ann:   What (you / do)______________there?

Ben:   In the mornings, while my parents still (have breakfast) _______, I (play) _____  tennis with my friend Harry. After that, at about 10 o’clock we (swim) _____ in the sea and  (play)______ football on the beach.

Ann:   Yes, that sounds good! And what (you / do)______ in the afternoons after your lunch?

Ben:   After lunch (we / go)______ on some interesting excursions around the place

where (we / stay) _______ that week. In the evenings after dinner (we /watch)_______ films on TV or (we / play) _______ chess with my dad.

Ann:   I see, and what (you / do)_______ between 5 pm and dinner time?

Ben:   Well, when the weather was nice and warm, my friend and I (have fun)_______ at the seaside. We (swim)________or (play)_________volleyball on the beach.

Ann:   Fantastic! Next time I’ll go with you.

Ex 7. Past Simple or Past Continuous?

  1. ____you _____ (to wait) for me at 5 p.m.? — Yes, I ____.
  2. They_____ (to finish) their work at 11 o’clock and ______ (to come) home.
  3. It _____ (to grow) dark, so we______(to decide) to return.
  4. While Jack _______(to sit) by the window, we______ (to work) on a project
  5. A young man (to run) out into the street. He ______(to carry) a cat in his hands.
  6. What______you______(to do) when I ______(to phone) you yesterday?
  7. John______(to listen) to the radio when the batteries ______(to run) out.
  8. The robbers______(to steal) the car and they _____ (to drive) away.
  9. She______(to go) to buy a dress, but a thief _____ (to steal) all her money.
  10. She______ (to slip),______ (to fall) over and______ (to break) her leg.
  11. I saw a light in your window as I ______ (to go) by.
  12. Yesterday while I ______ (to walk) down Cherry Lane, I ______ (to meet) Thomas, an old friend of mine.

Ex. 8. Complete the sentences using Past Continuous or Past Simple.

  1. Peter (stay) at a seaside hotel on holiday when he (meet) his friend.
  2. While I (have) lunch the sun (come) out again.
  3. Who … you (talk to) on the telephone when I came?
  4. When Mary (read) the letter she (notice) many spelling mistakes.
  5. She (go) to bed when suddenly she (see) a mouse.
  6. We (sit) down to dinner when the door bell (ring).
  7. Mary’s grandfather (hurt) his back while he (dig) in the vegetable garden yesterday.
  8. While he (sleep), the doctor (arrive).
  9. What … she (wear) when yon (see) her at the party?
  10. What… she (want) when she (visit) you yesterday?
  11. Somebody (knock) on the front door as I (have) 
  12. How much money … you (spend) last Christmas?
  13. My father (give) me money and I (spend) it all in one day.
  14. Peter (not/feel) very well, so he (consult) his doctor.
  15. Where …you (live) this time last year?
  16. Peter (not/look) at me as he (speak).
  17. When the ambulance (arrive), the patient (sleep) like a child.
  18. (read)when he (called).
  19. They (wait) for the bus when I (see)
  20. What …you (do) when you (see) them?

 

 

 

 

Артикли с географическими названиями

Артикли с географическими названиями.

Ex. 1. Water resources. Insert the article where necessary.

1 ___ Lake Geneva
2 ___ Pacific Ocean
3 ___ Nile
4 ___ English Channel
5 ___ Strait of Dover
6 ___ Dover Strait
7 ___ Victoria Falls
8 ___ Neva
9 ___ Mediterranean Sea
10 ___ Indian Ocean

11 ___ Black sea
12 ___ Great Lakes
13 ___ Bosporus
14 ___ Persian Gulf
15 ___ Gulf of Guinea
16 ___ Persian Gulf
17 ___ Ontario
18 ___ Atlantic Ocean
19 ___ Dnieper
20 ___ Caspian Sea

Ex. 2. Continents, countries, cities and villages. Insert the article where necessary.

1 ___ Europe
2 ___ Europe of the 15th century
3 ___ Asia
4 ___ Medieval Asia
5 ___ North America

6 ___ South America
7 ___ Africa
8 ___ Latin America
9 ___ Africa that I remembered
10 ___ ancient Europe

Ex. 3. Towns and villages. Insert the article where necessary.

1 ___ London
2 ___ London of the 16th century
3 ___ Shakespeare’s London
4 ___ Boston
5 ___ Minsk

6 ___ ancient Minsk
7 ___ Moscow of my dreams
8 ___ Hague
9 ___ Los-Angeles
10___ Paris

Ex. 4. Islands and peninsulas. Insert the article where necessary.

1      ___ Channel Islands

2      ___ Isle of Man

3      ___ Isles of Scilly

4      ___ Madagascar

5      ___ Philippines

6      ___ Potton Island

7      ___ Canadian Arctic Archipelago

8         ___ Aupouri Peninsula

9         ___ Kamchatka

10     ___ Arabian peninsula

11     ___ Hokkaido

12     ___ British Islands

13     ___ Greenland

14     ___ New Guinea

Ex. 5. Mountains, hills and volcanos. Insert the article where necessary.

1 ___ Ben Nevis
2 ___ Urals
3 ___ Everest
4 ___ Etna
5 ___ Volcano Etna
6 ___ Kilauea Volcano

7 ___Telegraph Hill
8 ___ Stelvio Pass
9 ___ Elbrus
10 ___ Alps
11 ___ Himalayas
12___ Himalayan range

Ex. 6. Nature-made objects (естественные природные объекты). 

Insert the article where necessary.

1         ___ Tibetan Plateau

2         ___ Middle East

3         ___ South of Italy

4         ___ Sahara

5         ___ Great Plains

6         ___ Silicon Valley

7         ___ Grand Canyon

8         ___ Mississippi Valley

9         ___ Cape Canaveral

10     ___ Quebec

11     ___ Latin America

12     ___ Central Asia

Ex. 7. Geographical namesInsert the article where necessary.

1 ___ Andes
2 ___ Crimea
3 ___ Lenin Peak
4 ___ Panama Canal
5 ___ Antarctic Continent
6 ___ Dublin
7 ___ Havana
8 ___ Hudson Bay
9 ___ Gibraltar
10 ___ Everest
11 ___ Sakhalin
12 ___ Kalahari Desert
13 ___ Bahamas
14 ___ Great Bear Lake

15 ___ Persian Gulf
16 ___ Maldives
17 ___ Antilles
18 ___ Bay of Bengal
19 ___ New Zealand
20 ___ Hawaiian Isles
21 ___ Caucasus
22 ___ Arctic Ocean
23 ___ Sahara
24 ___ Central America
25 ___ Asia
26 ___ North Pole
27 ___ Pacific Ocean
28 ___ Corsica

Онлайн тесты на употребление артиклей с ответами.