Упражнения по английскому на словообразование.
Put the capitalized words in the right form.
Russia is a large country with great diversity in flora and fauna. There are several large ____NATION_________ parks in Russia. A lot of different animals live there. Wolves are probably the best known, and are very well studied animals, so we have enough ______INFORM________ about their diet and behaviour. The wolf is a good ______HUNT_________. They usually hunt wild animals like deer and hares, but sometimes they can attack sheep, goats, and cows. The wolf tries to avoid people and only goes into villages when he is _______REAL______ hungry. In some ______RUSSIA________ tales, the wolf is often represented as a clever animal that helps the main character, Ivan. The wolf is usually direct and _____CREATE________ and helps Ivan to cope with many difficult problems.
Learning languages is important nowadays. It is interesting and ___USE____. Language skills help people to travel, study, and establish ___PROFESSION____ links with colleagues from other countries. Some people say that learning languages is easy but others strongly ___AGREE____. They say that learning languages takes a lot of time and they are not happy with their progress anyway. Meanwhile, there are some strategies that can make you a successful language _____LEARN____ and save your time. The first idea is watching films in the original. If the films are ____INTEREST____, learning is just fun, not hard work. Online and live ___COMMUNICATE____ with people in the language you are learning also helps a lot.
I’m not a child but I still like cartoons and animated films. ___RECENT____, I enrolled in an animation course in our university. The ____TEACH_____ of the course explained to us how animated films are made. Basically, animation is just a series of pictures with a character. Each picture is a little ____DIFFER_______. When you show the pictures really fast, it looks like they are moving. Some people say animation is not a serious thing. I strongly ___AGREE_____. Animated films may be ___FUN_____ but clever and useful to learn new skills. I believe they can be used in many spheres, and most importantly of all in ___EDUCATE_____.
Not everyone likes street art. ____USUAL________ nobody asks owners’ permission before drawing graffiti on their houses. Sometimes the drawings may be ___INTEREST_____ and nice but sometimes messy and ugly. What is graffiti – a form of art or vandalism? It depends on the drawing, I think. A friend of mine, John, is a street __ART____. He says that street art is a form of ____COMMUNICATE____. A person can tell you nice or rude things, can’t he? As for John, he is a really nice and ___CREATE_____ person. He enjoys drawing _____VARY_______ characters from animated films. When my neighbours saw his drawings, they asked him to paint some pictures on the wall of their house. Just to make it look brighter and more positive.
What is the most eco-friendly transport? I believe it’s the bicycle. There are a lot of bicycles on the streets of our town and that is probably why it looks so green and ____BEAUTY___. There are cycle lanes all over the town so using your bike to get to school or to the office is safe and convenient. ___FORTUNATELY____, some people still prefer driving cars even for short distances. They make the environment less _____HEALTH_____. As for me, I enjoy riding my bike very much and all my friends say that I’m a good ____RIDE____. Next month I’m going to take part in a regional cycling _____COMPETE_____ and I hope to win it. I don’t think I will stop riding my bicycle till I’m ____REAL____ old.
Koalas are cute animals. _____FORTUNATELY_______, it causes them lots of problems. There are people who want to keep the cute exotic animal as a pet which may put the koala in a really ____DANGER_____ situation. The problem is that the koala’s diet is very specific. To stay ______HEALTH______ they should only eat eucalyptus leaves. The leaves need to be young and fresh, which means a person who keeps a koala should also have a lot of eucalyptus trees. Andrew Page, a ___SCIENCE_______ who has been studying koalas for years, says that it’s a bad idea to keep this animal as a pet. According to him, people who try to do it usually have very little _____INFORM________ about koala’s lifestyle. And their ignorance can often cost the ___BEAUTY______ animal its life.
In Moscow, there are approximately 35,000 dogs living on the streets. Some of these ____HOME____ animals were born there. Others are just _____LUCKY____ pets that have been abandoned by their owners. For many dogs the city may be a ____DANGER___ place to live in. However, scientists were surprised to find out how ____EASY____ some animals can adapt to urban life. Some dogs have even learnt to use the city’s metro system! We still don’t know how the dogs find out when to get off the train. One ___SUGGEST___ is that they use their excellent sense of smell to recognise the scents of their favourite destinations. Another idea is that they are able to remember the design of ___DIFFER___ stations and find the station they need.
Most graffiti street artists are anonymous. However there are some artists who have become globally ___FAME___. Like the twin brothers from Brazil who call themselves Os Gemeos. They paint everything from small images to huge, ___COLOUR___ pictures of people on buildings. Another celebrity among graffiti artists is Blek le Rat from Paris. He paints pictures of ___HOME___ people. In this way he hopes to encourage residents to think ____SERIOUS___ about the problems of these people. Another well-known artist is Faith 47 from Cape Town. She paints big bright pictures of people and animals. The works of this ___PAINT____ can be found on pavements, empty factory buildings, and abandoned cars. It is ____POSSIBLE____ to predict how street art will develop in the future but we can be sure that it is here to stay!
Kelly’s family loved to watch football together. Sometimes they watched college games, but normally they watched ____PROFESSION_____ teams play. This evening was special. Two teams were playing in the final match of the ___CHAMPION____. Kelly’s favourite team had actually got to the final this year, which ____RARE_____ happened. «They’re going to win for sure! It will be ___FAIR_____ if they lose!» Kelly thought. Watching the football game needed the presence of the whole family and lots of tasty food. So Kelly’s mum had made barbecue meatballs. Uncle Jolyon had brought a ____SPICE___ cheese sauce and chips. Aunt Katie brought some cakes. When the game started, everyone cheered. It seemed to Kelly that every ____PLAY_____ of her team was doing their best to win-win-win! And they did!
The Nobel Prize is a very prestigious award. Alfred Nobel, a successful businessman and the _____INVENT_____ of explosives, established prizes for achievements in science, literature and economics. Another award, the Oscar, is ____PROBABLE____ the most famous prize in the film industry. The ceremony is an ____IMPRESS____ event with lots of film stars. There are lots of musical awards – Grammies, Brits, and the MTV awards for music, the list is ____END_____. In Britain, a writer who wins the Booker prize can expect to see their novel at the top of the bestseller lists and compete with ‘The Da Vinci Code’ for _____POPULAR____. The Turner Prize is an award for British contemporary artists, and each year it causes heated discussions. Artists get lots of money for their ____USUAL____ and sometimes even strange works.
Ecotourism is getting more and more popular. It offers two things at once: ____EDUCATE____ and entertainment. Most people agree that ecotourism is the most _____HARM_____ branch of tourism. It makes profit without destroying ______NATURE_____ resources. When tourists choose eco trips, they stay in local houses with local people, not in _____EXPENSE_____ hotels. They travel on foot, by boat, bicycle or elephant to avoid pollution. However, such trips are not at all cheap. This is ____PROBABLE____ the only disadvantage. But you can apply the principles of ecotourism every time you go on a normal holiday. You should remember that you’re only a ____VISIT_____ and be as careful as possible.
Ireland is the country of myths and legends. Even the local people are not sure which of them were based on facts and which are the product of someone’s ____CREATE____ imagination. Leprechauns are ____PROBABLE____ the most famous characters from Irish mythology. They are depicted as old bearded men. Their ____RESPONSIBLE____ is to guard the treasure of the fairies. Unfortunately, rainbows always point to the _____LOCATE____ of the treasure and the Leprechaun must rehide it. And there are plenty of rainbows in Ireland! Leprechauns are always busy. They are always very ____CARE____ and try to be invisible to people. But if you manage to catch some ____LUCKY___ Leprechaun, he must either give you his treasure or grant you three wishes.
It’s obvious that language skills are essential for everyone today. Foreign languages are very _____USE_______ not only for travelling, but also for studying and building a career. There are lots of ___DIFFER_____ ways to learn a new language. However, everyone agrees that learning languages is ____POSSIBLE____ without dictionaries. The main job of any dictionary is to explain what words mean. This can be done via ____TRANSLATE_____ or the unknown word can be explained in other words. It’s also good if the dictionary contains some examples of how the word is used – it helps to understand the ____MEAN_____ much better. If you are a busy _____LEARN_______, you probably prefer online dictionaries to paper ones. Online dictionaries are very convenient to use if you have Internet access.
My friend, Mary, is an extraordinary girl. She has always tried new things – new sports and new hobbies. She says life should be _____INTEREST_______ and it should change all the time. Now she has a new idea – she wants to be a firefighter. You may say that it is not a job for girls, but Mary will ___AGREE_____ with this. In her opinion, putting out fires is a ____DANGER_____ job but women are able to do it too. She has enrolled in a special training school where they learn skills and study firefighting ____EQUIP_____. The teenagers in the camp also learn how to work as a team, which is a very ___USE_____ skill wherever you work. And Mary is sure her team will be effective in any ___SITUATE_____.
There is a belief that some jobs suit men better than women and some other jobs are more appropriate for women than for men. Nowadays, women more and more often take jobs that ______TRADITIONAL________ were done by men. A lot of women do ___DANGER_____ and difficult jobs, becoming astronauts, pilots, and firefighters. No one is surprised when a girl wants to be a police officer or a train _____DRIVE____. In sports you can see a similar ____SITUATE____. Girls play football, ice hockey, go boxing and do other sports that seem to be ______USUAL_________ for women. But the girls say that it is ____EXCITE_____ and they cannot see any reason why they should not go into the sport they like.
Mark is an old friend of mine. I’m very proud of our friendship because Mark is a very ____INTEREST_____ person. He is very talented and ____CREATE_____. He can play the piano and the violin and the guitar but he is not a professional ____MUSIC_____. He plays only for his family and friends. We have encouraged Mark to try singing too, but he refuses and says he has an ___PLEASANT_____ voice. That is certainly not true – he has a nice voice, though he cannot sing very ______LOUD_________. Now we are arranging a school band and I want to ask Mark to join it. I think if he starts performing in public, he’ll become a more confident and more ____SUCCESS____ person.
‘Surfers Against Sewage’ (SAS) was founded in 1990 by water sports enthusiasts in the UK. They are an environmental ______ORGANIZE______ that tries to protect the UK’s oceans and beaches. They say that it may be really _____RISK______ to swim in the seas, and even sunbathe on the beaches because of the pollution. When SAS appeared, it informed people about the problem in quite an _____USUAL______ way. They went to public events with their surfboards and handed out leaflets. They _____QUICK____ attracted the attention of the media and people of Britain. They even managed to put pressure on the _____GOVERN_____ to forbid dumping waste in the sea, rivers and lakes. The campaign was indeed ______SUCCESS_____. Officials agreed to spend 8.5 billion pounds on cleaning up Britain’s seas and rivers.
Shepherd’s pie started as an old English recipe. The pie gained _____POPULAR_____ in the middle ages. During the reign of Elizabeth I, mince meat pie became a must-have food, probably, because it was easy to cook, ____HEALTH______ and tasty. Until the 16th century potatoes were ____MAIN______ known as pig food. But later they were accepted as a ____BASE____ food in Europe. The Shepherd’s pie recipe changed to include potatoes as an ingredient. And the fame of the dish doubled. Now Shepherd’s pie is considered to be a ____TRADITION_____ British food but similar recipes can be found in other countries, although they may have different names. In Canada, for example, a ____WAIT____ in a restaurant would present it to tourists as Chinese pie.
St Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland. St Patrick is _____FAME_____ for his heroic deeds. People gladly believe in ______AMAZE____ tales about St Patrick and don’t look for any historical evidence to prove them. And the facts often _____AGREE______ with the tales. For example, an old legend says that St Patrick drove all the snakes out of Ireland. This myth is actually untrue. At the time snakes appeared on the planet, Ireland was _____COMPLETE_____ covered by water. Now it is an island which means it is surrounded by water. The water makes it ____POSSIBLE____ for snakes to get to the island. The same _____SITUATE____ is true for New Zealand, Greenland, and many other islands.
The festival of Halloween has its roots in Celtic traditions.
Over 2,000 years ago the Celts in Britain had a special holiday in late October to mark the _____BEGIN_____ of winter. Another autumn _____CELEBRATE____ was connected with the passing of the dead. These two events later became Halloween. On Halloween children often dress up as ghosts, witches and monsters and go around people’s houses, asking for sweets. In most cases the ghosts and witches are not frightening at all, they are even _____FUN______! But remember that if the children don’t get the sweets, they may play some ____PLEASANT_____ joke, for example splash some water on you. Pumpkins also ______SYMBOL_____ Halloween. People ____USUAL____ make lanterns from them.
There are lots of products that help us fight bad moods and depression. If you feel down and ____SLEEP____, just get a bar of dark chocolate from the fridge. Chocolate will improve your mood and you’ll feel ______CHEER_____ and happy again. This ____INFORM____ is often used in chocolate adverts. Unfortunately, we can’t use this method too often. The positive effect does not last long. Meanwhile chocolate is not _____HARM_____ food. It contains fat and sugar which can make you overweight. Some people may also be allergic to chocolate and it can affect their _____APPEAR______, causing skin problems. The alternative and _____ABSOLUTE___ safe method to fight depression is doing sport. It can be recommended to everyone!
It’s not at all surprising that weather is a favourite topic for many people around the world. It affects where we choose to live, what we wear, our moods, and perhaps even our _____NATION____ character. A _____SUN_____ day can blow away the deepest depression. And a gloomy rainy day can make you feel lonely and ____HAPPY____. ‘I’m feeling a bit under the weather’ is a common complaint in Britain, _____ESPECIAL_____ on Monday mornings. The weather can really be ____RESPONSE___ for moods and scientists have proved this fact. There is a ____CONNECT____ between our mood and the weather we are having. But remember that good weather will have good effects on your mood only if you spend more than 30 minutes outdoors a day.
Scientists have found that there is a direct _____CONNECT____ between sunshine and our good mood. They noticed that people are kinder and more ____HELP____ and easy-going when the sun is out. Sunlight ____DEFINITE____ improves negative moods and makes us feel less tired and more energetic. On the other hand, very hot weather may cause strong _____COMFORT____. As a result, we may feel depressed, irritated and even aggressive. On ______RAIN______ days people say they’re less satisfied with their lives. But whatever the weather is, it’s important to spend enough time outdoors. Fresh air and sports can make any day feel _____FANTASY____!
People in Britain often talk about climate and weather. They usually complain about their ____CHANGE____ weather. However, there are parts of the world where extreme weather causes real dangers to the _____POPULATE____. Sandstorms, tornadoes and floods ____REGULAR____ cause massive destruction. Lots of people become ____HOME____. To prevent this destruction, it’s important to forecast disasters in advance. Japan is the world ____LEAD______ in using new technology for this purpose. The Japanese have also worked out an _____EFFECT_____ system of informing people: phone companies automatically notify their customers about emergencies and disasters. These warnings are very efficient, and free of charge.
In 2005 the rock group The Rolling Stones released an album called ‘A Bigger Bang’. Many critics chose it as their favourite. This isn’t very ____SURPRISE___, but just think, it’s their 25th album, and the Rolling Stones have been on the stage for more than 40 years! The lead ____SING____, Mick Jagger, the guitarist Keith Richards and the other musicians are over 60! And they are not losing their ___POPULAR____, even nowadays. However, they are still much more ____FAME____ for the songs they made in the 1960s and 70s. But, you know what? Young people _____REGULAR____ listen to the Rolling Stones with their fathers and granddads. Isn’t that_____IMPRESS____? In all aspects, theirs has been a remarkable career.