Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions.

christmas traditions

Ex. 1. Here are some traditional Christmas meals and drinks. 

  • Eggnog
  • Mulled wine /ˌmʌld ˈwaɪn/
  • Gingerbread house/ Gingerbread man
  • Yule  /juːllog
  • Mince pie
  • Christman pudding

Listen to the audio and answer the questions.

  1. Which foods from the list above were mentioned in the audio?
  2. What ingredients are in them?
  3. Does it sound/ look tasty? Have you ever tried any of these foods? Would you like to taste any of them?

christmas traditions

christmas traditions

christmas traditions

christmas traditions

christmas traditions

christmas traditions

christmas traditions

Ex. 2. What do these phrasal verbs mean? Answer the questions. Give full answers and use the phrasal verbs in your answers.

  1. Are you looking forward to Christmas?
  2. Do you often put off buying Christmas presents until the last minute?
  3. Do you put up decorations during Christmas period?
  4. Do you hang up stockings on a Christmas tree?
  5. Do you enjoy wrapping up presents?
  6. Are you going to give anything up for the New Year?
  7. Have you ever ended up anywhere you didn’t expect to be on New Year’s Eve?
  8. Do you plan to go out or stay in on New Year’s Eve?
  9. Do you usually bump into old friends over the Christmas period?

Ex. 3. Some of the phrasal verbs can have more than one meaning. Use the phrasal verbs from ex. 2 in the right form for each sentence.

  1. I was really surprised when I ____________ Mike on New Year’s Eve. I hadn’t seen him since we were at school together.
  2. I _____________ the wall on my way to the bathroom. I think I had too much wine this Christmas.
  3. Alan always _____________ the cleaning until the minute before guests arrive. 
  4. His awful behaviour really ____________ me ______________ every Christmas.
  5. Can you ______________ this bottle of wine? It’s a present.
  6. It’s getting late. Let’s _______________ the meeting and go home.
  7. I hardly ever _____________ during the week. I’m just too busy.
  8. When the lights ______________, I will fall asleep like a baby.
  9. Jim ________________ smoking last year. He hasn’t smoked since then.
  10. When Claire decided to exercise every day, she stuck to it and never _____________.
  11. You can _____________ your coat over there.
  12. He was complaining on the phone about the present I gave him, so I decided to ___________.

Match the phrasal verbs with their definitions.

  • ______________ = to hit an obstacle accidentally
  • ______________ = to stop doing what you have decided to do, for example because it’s too difficult
  • ______________ = to end a telephone conversation by putting the receiver down
  • ______________ = to make you stop liking someone or something
  • ______________ = to finish or conclude something
  • ______________ = to stop burning or shining

Ex. 4. Complete the phrases and make your own examples with each phrasal verb.

  1. look forward to
  2. put up
  3. put off
  4. hang up
  5. wrap up
  6. end up
  7. bump into

 

a/ a birthday party/the end of the week/the winter

b/ a gift/a toy/a bottle of wine

c/ an umbrella/a coat/a hat

d/ a sign/a poster/a painting/a notice

e/ at a party/in a strange part of a town/in the wrong street

f/ your boss/your teacher/your doctor

g/ your homework/cleaning the floor/doing the dishes

Ex. 5. Answer the questions.

  1. What things put you off when you meet someone for the first time?
  2. Have you ever hung up on anyone who was rude?
  3. Do you make New Year’s resolutions? Do you usually stick to them or do you give up very quickly?
  4. What things do you put off until the last minute (apart from buying presents)?

Ex. 6. You are going to read an article about how to survive Christmas. Match the headings to the paragraphs in the article.

Sleep.

Don’t be on your own.

Do things in moderation.

Don’t try to do everything.

Excuse the morning after.

Don’t have high expectations.

Try something different.

Take time off.

 Tips for surviving Christmas.

Christmas traditions

Christmas. Eating, drinking, celebrating with family and friends. Sounds great, doesn’t it? But for many people there is a lot of pressure to make Christmas entertaining, memorable and, above all, perfect.

If you’re smart, you will have planned ahead to make life easier. You’ve bought presents throughout the year, planned what to cook for dinner and made sure that all the family will seat next to someone who they like at the dining table.

But this is Christmas. There are some things you can’t plan. The dog might eat the turkey. There might be a lot of snow and you can’t drive anywhere. You might accidentally set the Christmas tree on fire (Well, it could happen).

So, here are some tips to survive the festive season, but also enjoy it!

1.___________________________

Don’t try to create the “perfect” Christmas. If you spend a lot of money on expensive gifts, it might land you in debt next year. Spending time with people is often a more valuable present. And if things don’t go to plan, then don’t worry about it.

  1. ___________________________

If you are the person in charge of cooking and hosting, then don’t try to do it all yourself. Don’t be afraid to ask relatives to cook and to bring something such as a dessert or snacks. Make sure you get some time for yourself, even just to sit for half an hour and watch your favourite TV show.

  1. ___________________________

Christmas is often about excess, but at the end of the day no one wants to feel so full they can’t move! The best advice is not to eat and drink too much. Alternate alcohol with soft drinks and when eating just have a little of what you fancy.

  1. ____________________________

Christmas is the time when many of us have a lot of late nights and drink and eat too much. This can really affect our nocturnal cycles, so make sure you give yourself some time to recharge your batteries.

  1. _____________________________

A brisk walk, a light jog or an early morning swim will really help you to feel human again after a night celebrating. You might also feel like you have cabin fever at this time of the year, so getting outside will also help to ease this tension.

  1. _____________________________

Some people have to go to work over the festive period, but if possible, try to have some time off around Christmas. A lot of people burn the candle at both ends with work and parties and often feel stressed and exhausted as a result.

  1. _____________________________

Christmas can be a lonely time for a lot of people. If you can’t spend it with family, plan to get people together that might be in the same boat as you. Go to some festive events but make sure you give yourself time to recover if you have more than one!

  1. ______________________________

If Christmas turns into a disaster or you are really bored with doing the same thing every year, think about the alternative for the next year. Getting away from it all is a solution but then you have to plan that holiday.

Ex. 7. Complete these phrases from the text and explain what they mean.

  1. Set
  2. Survive
  3. Recharge
  4. Ease
  5. Turn
  6. Land

 

a/ into a disaster

b/ (somebody) in debt

c/ (something) on fire

d/ the festive season

e/ the tension

f/ your batteries

 

Ex. 8. Find the words and phrases from the text which mean:

  1. Events don’t happen as you want (phrase): _________________
  2. A small amount of what you like (phrase): __________________
  3. Ultimately: _____________________
  4. Work too hard as well as try to do other things (idiom): ______________
  5. The feeling of being bored and irritable when you have been inside for a long time: ____________________________
  6. In the same unpleasant situation: __________________________
  7. Going somewhere different for a holiday or to relax (phrase -ing): __________________

Recall the situations with these phrases.

Ex. 9. Answer the questions.

  1. Do you do any of these things to help you survive Christmas? Which ones?
  2. Do you think Christmas is something you have to “survive” or do you enjoy it?
  3. Do you have any memorable Christmas stories? If so, what happened?