Infinitive vs Gerund.
Ex. 1. Match the halves to complete the sentences (1-a, 2-b).
- She is interested a) drinking alcohol.
- I would like b) to seeing my daughter.
- You should give up c) being ill.
- We really enjoy d) laughing at her.
- I’m looking forward e) to living in a dirty house.
- He is used f) talking to drunk people.
- She pretended g) swimming in the sea.
- Pamela is good h) to have a cup of coffee.
- I couldn’t help i) in surfing the Internet.
- She avoids j) at riding a horse.
Ex. 2. Complete the sentences with the expression get a good job. Use the Infinitive or the -ing form of the verb get.
- I want _________________________.
- I suggest _________________________.
- I decided _________________________.
- I recommend _________________________.
- I hope _________________________.
- I feel like _________________________.
- I managed _________________________.
- I am trying _________________________.
- I would appreciate _________________________.
- I will not refuse _________________________.
- I agree _________________________.
- I have denied _________________________.
Ex. 3. Infinitive or gerund?
- I am planning … (to visit/visiting) my granny next week.
- When they finish … (to eat/eating) their lunch, they’ll go to the office.
- He suggested … (to buy/buying) some food.
- Does Sally enjoy … (to go/going) to the gym?
- John refused … (to answer/answering) my question.
- My brother intends … (to get/getting) married soon.
- I think she didn’t mean … (to hurt/hurting) you.
- Keep … (to beat/beating) the eggs. (Продолжай взбивать яйца.)
- Fred can’t afford … (to travel/travelling) this year.
- We expect … (to leave/leaving) tomorrow.
- Mary decided … (to fly/flying) to Venice.
- The sportsmen hope … (to get/getting) the best results.
- Are you going to give up … (to smoke/smoking)?
- They don’t want … (to have/having) any more children.
- I don’t mind … (to wash up/washing up).
- Girls, stop … (to giggle/giggling).
- Ben likes … (to play/playing) chess.
- Lara goes … (to dance/dancing) every weekend.
- Harry can’t stand … (to work/working) on Saturdays.
Ex. 4. Infinitive with or without “to”? Choose the correct option.
- We can … (speak/to speak) Spanish.
- He often makes me … (feel/to feel) guilty.
- You have … (be/to be) friendly and polite.
- She must … (stay/to stay).
- The lawyer will … (call/to call) you later.
- I’d like … (send/to send) him a present.
- You’d better … (move/to move) faster.
- Mother wants … (paint/to paint) the walls in the kitchen.
- We decided … (sell/to sell) the car.
- He always fails … (keep/to keep) his word.
- I am trying … (lift/to lift) this heavy stone.
- Let me … (give/to give) you some advice.
- It may … (cost/to cost) too much.
Ex.5. Put “to” before the infinitive where it is necessary.
1 . My son asked me … let him … go to the club.
2 . You must make him … practice an hour a day.
3 . She was made … repeat the song.
4 . He is not sure that it can … be done, but he is willing … try.
5 . Let me … help you with your work.
6 . She asked me … read the letter carefully and … write an answer.
7 . You ought … take care of your health.
8 . I looked for the book everywhere but could not … find it.
9. We had … put on our overcoats because it was cold.
10 . The man told me not … walk on the grass.
11 . You had better … go there at once.
12 . I would rather not … tell them about it.
13 . We will take a taxi not … miss the train.
Ex. 6. Make infinitives (add “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs in brackets to make the following sentences grammatically correct.
- When I’m tired, I enjoy … television. It’s relaxing. (watch)
- It was a nice day, so we decided … for a walk. (go)
- I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind … (wait)
- They don’t have much money. They can’t afford … out very often. (go)
- I wish that dog would stop … It’s driving me mad. (bark)
- We were hungry, so I suggested … dinner early. (have)
- Hurry up! I don’t want to risk … the train. (miss)
- I’m still looking for a job but I hope … something soon. (find)
Ex. 7. Complete the following sentences with infinitives or gerunds of the following verbs: answer, apply, listen, make, wash, work, write.
1. He tried to avoid … my question.
2. Could you please stop … so much noise?
3. I enjoy … to music.
4. I considered … for the job but in the end I decided against it.
5. Have you finished … your hair yet?
6. Jim is 65 but he isn’t going to retire yet. He wants to continue ….
7. I’ve delayed … the letter so many times. I really must do it today.
Ex. 8. Put one of the given verbs in the correct form – infinitive or gerund: to lock, to explain, to show, to play, to listen, to do, to write, to drive, to understand, to work.
- Don’t forget … the door.
- He tried … but she didn’t want …
- Would you mind … me how the lift works?
- I’m beginning … what you mean.
- The boys like … tennis but not … this in bad weather.
- Try … this correctly.
- He likes … in his cabinet.
- I prefer … my car myself.